Under the Reagan administration, within the U.S intelligence community, a classified program, the Socrates Project, was initiated to address America's and its key allies' declining competitiveness.

Here are a few steps along it's history:

In 1983 under the Reagan administration,

an initiative was launched within the US intelligence community to address America's and its key allies' declining economic competitiveness. The initiative, the Socrates Project, was tasked with first determining the source of the competitiveness problem and then developing the required solution.

To determine the source of the US competitiveness problem

the Socrates Project assembled an all-source intelligence system which enabled the project to examine competition worldwide. For the first time in the history of mankind, the combination of deep intelligence and digital data provided a bird's eye, holistic view of all forms of competition worldwide. From this one-of-a-kind view of competition, it was determined that the cause of the US competitiveness problem was that at the end of World War II US managers in industry and government abandoned technology-based planning and adopted finance-based planning as the standard for decision-making.

In Finance-based planning,

decisions are based upon the optimization of the exploitation of funds to accomplish a function. The measure of success is how well the funds were optimized. In the case of a company the function is profits, and whether the profits sought are short- or long-term, the foundation of all decisions is the effective acquisition and utilization of funds to maximize profits.

In Technology-based planning,

decisions are based upon out-maneuvering the competition in the exploitation (i.e., the acquisition and/or utilization) of worldwide technology in order to produce products or provide services that excel at satisfying one or more customer needs for a true competitive advantage. Technology is any application of science to accomplish a function. The science can be very leading edge, or it can be well established. Similarly, the function that it addresses can be seen as highly newsworthy, or it can be significantly more mundane. But it is all technology, and its exploitation to excel at satisfying a customer need is the foundation of all competitive advantage. Funds support or hinder the exploitation of the technology.

The federal government's Socrates Project developed a computer-based "Techspace Map."®

This tool provided a precise and detailed representation of current and emerging technologies. It was used to develop technology strategies for high-priority government programs in the 1980s; Stealth, HDTV, and the US IC industry to name a few. President Ronald Reagan was a strong supporter of the Socrates Project. He had an executive order drafted creating a new government organization for the project and gave it the responsibility to support U.S. government agencies and the commercial sector. But the first Bush administration turned against the idea of technology-based planning and, in its embrace of finance-based planning, terminated the Socrates Project. The principals involved in Socrates have stayed active and have upgraded the "Techspace Map"® while developing technology strategies for American Companies.

The Socrates team saw that the Automated Innovation Revolution will occur in the near term,

and if the U.S. and its key allies are able to generate and lead the coming Automated Innovation Revolution, it will ensure that the U.S. and its allies and their organizations will be able to not just reverse their respective declining economic healths, but it would ensure that the country and its organizations remain the economic leaders for many generations. The U.S. will quickly find itself in the position of being a second-rate debtor nation with no means of overcoming the massive competitive advantage provided by the Automated Innovation Revolution. Today, that work has been advanced and is being utilized in the U.S. by Quadrigy, Inc.

Today Operation U.S. Forward,

is working to deploy the Automated Innovation System as a nation wide planning asset in the U.S.